The Appalachian Wildlife Foundation has been on the forefront of ecological restoration and wildlife habitat conservation efforts with the coal industry, especially in Appalachia and to some extent, in the Illinois Basin. Early on, we saw the need for better science pertaining to wildlife and habitat conservation within the context of coal mining and the regulations that dictate operations. To address this, we commissioned Dr. David Buehler, Professor of Wildlife and Fisheries Science at the University of Tennessee, to conduct and write up a review of all the literature that could be found about coal mining and wildlife. Since its completion, numerous individuals and groups have used this document as a beginning point in their learning and research efforts. The goals of this literature review were to 1) review the extant literature on the effects of coal mining on aquatic and terrestrial wildlife populations and habitat; 2) review the literature relative to the effectiveness of reclamation practices in restoring conditions conducive for wildlife habitat; and 3) identify areas where research is needed to further the science needed to better mitigate the impacts of mining on wildlife resources. The Appalachian Wildlife Foundation had several partners that helped support this project. They included: Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, Kentucky Coal Association, National Mining Association, Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation, and Wildlife Management Institute. Without their generous support, this work would not have been possible.
Coal Mining & Wildlife in the Eastern United States
A Literature Review:
Zotero Literature Database Website:
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